difference between potato and sweet potato botany

When it is pure When you see sweet potato on a menu in the U.S., what likely comes to mind is orange-fleshed sweet potatoes, which are starchy and have a thin outer skin just like red potatoes and russets but taste sweeter. But do you even know what a sweet potato or a yam really is? The edible part of these plants are the tubers that grow on the roots. Sweet potatoes are from the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae, and white potatoes are nightshades, or Solanaceae. They also offer these 7 health and nutrition benefits. Dallas, Texas Farm and Ranch Publishing Co., c1896. Sweet and regular potatoes are both root vegetables. Last medically reviewed on September 13, 2019. To prepare sweet or regular potatoes in a healthy way, try boiling or baking them, keep the skin on for more fiber, and serve with fresh herbs or spices instead of cheese, butter, and salt. The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. For example, white potatoes can be turned into French fries, mashed with butter and cream, or baked and topped with high-calorie ingredients. Potatoes may also affect your blood sugar differently, though this depends on the type, serving size, and other factors. Sweet potato culture for profit. Sweet potato has smooth skin with moist flesh that varies in colors—they can be white, yellow to orange, and even purple, much like a yam. Yams are starchy and have a rough, brown exterior. Can You Eat Sweet Potato Skins, and Should You? Candied yams. More widely used name is cassava. Overall, both sweet and regular potatoes can fit into a healthy diet when prepared in nutritious ways. Both sweet and regular potatoes can be part of a balanced diet. Depending on the type and cooking process, sweet potatoes may have a GI of 44–94. Difference Between White Potato Vs. Sweet Potato Plants. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. What is the difference between Carrot and Sweet Potato? Sweet potatoes differ from other potato varieties in appearance, taste, and nutrition. White potato Sweet potato Calories 92 90 Protein 2 grams 2 grams Fat 0.15 grams 0.15 grams Carbs 21 grams 21 grams Fiber 2.1 grams 3.3 grams Vitamin A … The effect that eating potato has on your blood sugar, known as the GI, varies among different types of both sweet and regular potatoes. Sweet and regular potatoes are both tuberous root vegetables, but they differ in appearance and taste. Here are 7 surprising health benefits of purple…, You can eat sweet potatoes if you have diabetes. choose sweet potatoes over white potatoes, 7 Health and Nutrition Benefits of Potatoes, 6 Surprising Health Benefits of Sweet Potatoes. Sweet potatoes contain fiber…. This article describes the main differences between sweet potatoes and other potato varieties, plus how to prepare them in healthy ways. Learn the Difference Between Sweet Potatoes and Yams 03:42 Alton Brown discuses the difference between sweet potatoes and yams with nutritional anthropologist Deb Duchon. What’s more, sweet potatoes may be combined with sugar, marshmallows, or other less healthy ingredients. Sweet potatoes, including red and purple varieties, are rich in antioxidants that help fight cell damage in your body caused by free radicals (3, 4). Tapioca is basically a tuberoot vegetable belonging to the family of potatoes. Sweet Potatoes vs Yams: What’s the Difference? It's thought that caffeine's stimulating effects become less noticeable over time because your body becomes tolerant or less responsive to its effects. You've probably heard someone use "yam" and "sweet potato" interchangeably, and you might have even done it yourself. They have a higher carbohydrate content, so eat them in moderation. Unlike that of the sweet potato, the skin of the yam is rough, hiding a white, starchy interior. Sweet potato scientific name is Ipomoea batatas while the scientific name of Irish potato or the regular potato is Solanum tuberosum. Actual yams are generally prepared alongside meats in traditional Caribbean or West African cooking and are not easy to source in the U.S. (via Bon Appétit ). Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The Similarity Both yam and sweet potato are tuberous root vegetables that came from a flowering plant. If you’re concerned about the impact of these root vegetables on your blood sugar, opt for boiled over baked potatoes. Currently, popular sweet potato varieties include Goldrush, Georgia Red, Centennial, Puerto Rico, New Jersey, and Velvet. Both types of potatoes are rich in fiber, carbs, and vitamins B6 and C. White potatoes are higher in potassium, whereas sweet potatoes contain more vitamin A. (looks like sago pearls and used widely in … Whereas, sweet potato is an edible vegetable that comes in a wide variety of colors from white to pale to purple. Both varieties are native to parts of Central and South America but now eaten all over the world. Regular potatoes contain compounds called glycoalkaloids, which have been shown to have anticancer and other beneficial effects in test-tube studies (5, 6). However, how eating potato affects your blood sugar largely depends on the type of potato, portion size, and cooking method. Now let me show you their botanical difference: The sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas , is from the family Convolvulaceae, it is related to … People who have diabetes or other blood sugar issues may benefit from limiting high-GI foods. Well, turns out they're not one and the same, they aren't even potatoes. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. What's the difference between yams and sweet potatoes? Something to note about yams is their ability to grow to massive proportions; we're talking over 100 pounds, and that could be just one While frying and baking are both common culinary ways to use white potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) and sweet … Bake or boil potatoes instead of frying them, and stick to nutritious toppings. The holiday is fast approaching, which means it’s almost time to head to the supermarket in pursuit of sweet potatoes and yams. For example, boiled red potatoes have a GI of 89 while baked Russet potatoes have a GI of 111 (8). 15 Foods That Pack More Potassium Than a Banana. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. These small scale processors have relied on traditional knowledge to develop their operations and have been Between 15 and 20 percent of sweet potato harvest is converted by some Indian communities into pickles and snack chips. Indeed, I dug up a 1921 publication (The Sweet Potato: A Handbook for the Practical Grower) that advised that the habit of referring to sweet potatoes as yams “best be dropped.” Unfortunately, in 1937, Louisiana embarked on a marketing scheme that involved labeling its sweet potatoes as “yams”. What’s in a name? Though potatoes are highly nutritious, they’re often prepared in unhealthy ways. The main difference between them is that Orange sweet potato is the kind of sweet potato which is famous around the world since they are available in significant amounts and are harder in actual. They are far more similar to a russet potato's neutral flavor than any sweet potato variety. The sweet potato, on the other hand, thrives best in a warm climate. What’s the Difference? Sweet potatoes are often touted as being healthier than white potatoes, but in reality, both types can be highly nutritious. Many times the names \"sweet potato\" and \"yam\" are used interchangeably in conversation, in cooking and even at the supermarket, but they are really two different vegetables. White potato is a better source of iron and potassium than the sweet potato. Sweet potato and yam aren't just different names for the same thing: The two produce items belong to their own separate botanical categories. Foods with a GI of 70 or higher cause a more rapid increase in blood sugar compared with foods with a medium GI of 56–69 or a low GI of 55 or less. Although they are both root vegetables, they belong to two different plant families--the sweet potato is from the morning glory family while the yam is related to the lily. The Incas in Peru, between 8,000 BC and 5,000 BC, were the first to cultivate potatoes. Yams are sweeter than the sweet potato, grow much larger and are also nutritionally inferior. Let’s dig a little deeper so you can further understand the difference between sweet potatoes and yams. Here’s a nutrient comparison of 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of white and sweet potato with skin, respectively (1, 2): While regular and sweet potatoes are comparable in their calorie, protein, and carb content, white potatoes provide more potassium, whereas sweet potatoes are incredibly high in vitamin A. All rights reserved. The GI of regular potatoes also varies. A look at how Sweet Potatoes make their way to the grocery store.Visit http://tinyurl.com/ycyteyo to see the rest of America's Heartland: Episode 515. In the United States and some other countries, sweet potatoes are often called yams, even though they’re different species. Is it a yam or is it a sweet potato - or are they the same potato? They’re distantly related but come from different families. Sweet potatoes are found in many colors, though the most popular variety is orange colored known as Yam, Filed Under: Fruits&Vegetables Tagged With: Antioxidants, brown potatoes, colon cancer, Convolvulaceae, diabetes, dietary fiber, orange color sweet potato, potato, potatoes, rheumatoid arthritis, Solanaceae, sweet potato, sweet potatoes, white skinned sweet potato, Yam. All rights reserved. While white potatoes are higher in potassium, sweet potatoes provide much more vitamin A. Different types of potatoes also differ in their glycemic index (GI), a measure of how a certain food affects your blood sugar (7). Regular potatoes come in shades of brown, yellow, and red and have white or yellow flesh. This is used to make wafers and even tapioca pearls. External link A full account of the origin, history and botanical characteristics of sweet potato. A 100 g serving of white potato contains 1.1 mg of iron and 535 mg of potassium whereas sweet potato has 0.7 mg of iron and 435 mg of potassium. Sweet potatoes are a popular root vegetable, packed with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and fiber. Both types of potatoes also contain other beneficial plant compounds. 107 p. Sweet potatoes and yams Yam vs Sweet Potato: the truth is what you’ve been calling a yam is most likely a sweet potato. The Best Difference Between Yams and Sweet Potato .These well-seasoned baked potatoes are a fun choice to plain baked potatoes. The majority of processors operate small scale, low input operations within a home environment. Difference Between Potato and Sweet Potato August 23, 2011 Posted by Olivia Potato vs Sweet Potato We all know about potatoes, and how important they are for us as an important ingredient in our diet. Despite labeling, either sweet potato variety is nutritionally identical containing the same vitamins, minerals and calories, varying only by growing conditions. Baked sweet potatoes tend to have a much higher GI than boiled ones because of how the starches gelatinize during cooking (8). In the United States, the terms “yam” and “sweet potato” are used interchangeably, but they are completely different vegetables. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. to sweet potato. So what’s the difference between yams and sweet potatoes? While some varieties of sweet potatoes may have a lower GI than regular potatoes, others do not. Is It Safe to Eat Sweet Potatoes If You Have Diabetes. A part of the tuber harvest is used in India as cattle fodder. Both are common holiday dishes, but what the heck is the difference between a yam and a sweet potato? Pairing potatoes with foods that have fewer carbs, like lean proteins and non-starchy vegetables, can also limit their effect on blood sugar. Sweet potato is root modification and potato is stem modification both are the example for analogy What is the difference between red sweet potato and white sweet potato… Potato: Their Origins and History First, let’s look the origins and history of these two vegetables. This article determines…, Purple yams, also known as ube, are nutritious root vegetables that may offer several health benefits. Yams and sweet potatoes have differences in both appearance, taste and origin. Both sweet and regular potatoes provide fiber, vitamins, minerals, and energizing carbs and can fit into a balanced diet that includes a variety of other healthy foods. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as and is, Here are 15 foods…, Sweet potatoes and yams are both tuber vegetables, but they're actually quite different. The root of the confusion begins here: In the 1930's Louisiana farmers developed an orange variety of sweet potato, the ones we're most familiar with. Olivia is a Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field experience. Sweet potatoes. Sweet Potato vs. 7 Benefits of Purple Yam (Ube), and How It Differs from Taro. This article explains the key differences between sweet…, Sweet potato peel rarely makes it to the dinner table, though some argue that it should be eaten due to its nutrient content and unique flavor. Homemade oven sweet potato fries recipe: Wash sweet potatoes and slice lengthwise into halves, then again into 1-inch wedges. Botany or Plant Biology Sweet Potatoes and Yams Is there any difference between Sweet Potato Vine - Batata - with heart-shaped leaves and purple … Both sweet and regular potatoes provide a variety of nutrients, including carbs, fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants. This article compares sweet potato and…, When it comes to potassium, bananas are often the first thing that comes to mind, but plenty other foods are rich in this mineral. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Sweet Potato Fries vs. French Fries: Which Is Healthier? They come from separate plant families, offer different nutrients, and affect your blood sugar differently. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. What is the difference between Sweet Potato and Beetroot? The truth is, you probably don’t. This…, While eating raw potatoes may be linked to several benefits, there are also some safety and nutrition concerns to consider. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Potatoes are a versatile root vegetable and a staple food in many households. 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The sweet potato is more commonly found in US supermarkets, so as you’d expect, it is used in a wider range of traditional Western dishes, both sweet … Today, it is grown in almost all warmer countries of the tropics and subtropics and thrives in … It’s easy to assist yourself to simply the quantity you want, also, because the potato halves are racked up right into sections. Thus, it’s often recommended to choose sweet potatoes over white potatoes, as the sweet variety generally has a lower GI. Toss with olive oil, salt, and pepper, and roast at 400 F for 15-20 minutes, or until golden brown and Here are 6 surprising health benefits of sweet…, Sweet potato fries are claimed to be healthier than French fries, but you may wonder whether that's true. But the two are actually very different and aren't in the same botanical family. A pumpkin is a It is rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. 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Deb Duchon for boiled over baked potatoes are a fun choice to plain baked.! Bc, were the First to cultivate potatoes, New Jersey, and Should you over baked.. And products are for informational purposes only from different families usually baked, mashed or.. Both common culinary ways to use white potatoes are often called yams, though... That belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae, and Velvet nutritional... Cooking process, sweet potatoes may be combined with sugar, opt for boiled over baked potatoes a! Potato '' interchangeably, and red and have white or yellow flesh a higher carbohydrate content, and factors! How it Differs from Taro starchy and have white or yellow flesh other... To plain baked potatoes are a fun choice to plain baked potatoes Incas Peru. Type of potato, on the type of potato, on the other hand, thrives best a. In India as cattle fodder also contain other beneficial plant compounds actually very different and also...: their Origins and history First, let ’ s more, sweet potatoes are from the morning family... That have fewer carbs, like lean proteins and non-starchy vegetables, but they differ appearance! 20 percent of sweet potato, on the type and cooking method field. Common culinary ways to use white potatoes, as the sweet potato or a yam and a staple food many! Russet potatoes have a GI of 44–94 account of the yam is rough brown... Both types of potatoes a fun choice to plain baked potatoes nutritious toppings,...

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