can rhododendrons grow in shade

Soils that are too alkaline can be amended by adding sulfur or iron sulfate. Most varieties exposed to unprotected all-day sun are doomed. The ideal soil pH for growing rhodies is in the range of 5.0 to 5.5, an acidity level that is generally higher than that of native soils. Too much shade can lead to … The crowning feature of many rhodies is shade tolerance, a characteristic that lets them light up the area under a tree or beside a garden wall. Rosebay is one of the hardiest species with 4 to 8 inch long, deep green leaves. Everything you need to know about choosing the right rhododendron for you. Container stock can be planted at any time but if planted May-August must be well watered through the first growing season. Choose a site with dappled shade in sheltered conditions. They are flowering shrubs that require a shady location to grow happily. However, there are available rhododendron varieties that can stand direct sun. Most soil in Scotland is naturally acidic. One key to growing Catawba rhododendron bush successfully is realizing just how sensitive its root system is and taking appropriate steps to protect it. Use ericaceous compost (with John Innes added if you can get it) and add some perlite, grit or bark. Looking for an evergreen shrub that loves the shade, bears large flowers, is low maintenance and will last for decades? Impatiens. Rhododendrons will grow nicely in full sun to moderate shade. Anything you like as long as it does not take all the moisture from the roots. Remedy by planting with peat and you can also use sulphate of ammonia applied before planting as too much can burn leaves. Then look no further than the hardy rhododendron. The PJM Rhododendron is a small, evergreen shrub that is covered with blooms in the spring, and is the only member of the Rhododendron family that is NOT a deer favorite. This only compacts the soil and buries the plant. If you can't, you have a problem. See regional guidelines below. Indoors: Tender scented varieties can be grown in greenhouse/conservatory and brought in to house in flower. Rhododendrons also require fertile, well-draining soil, ideally a blend of two parts organic matter to one part native soil and one part sand. CAN I PROPAGATE MY RHODODENDRONS AND AZALEAS? Itea, is a useful native plant with lots of potential for the home landscape. The … Some types of rhododendrons that lose their leaves in winter are commonly called azaleas. We have our own Rhododendron feed available at our garden centre. Well.. we aren't going to tell you how to do that, are we? But before we get to that, let me dispel some confusion you may have about rhododendrons. A small handful around the roots of each plant in early May and late June should be enough. They have to grow in an area that is cool - under overhanging branches from trees, so that they don't get that hot afternoon sun," says Jane. Don't waste time growing seed from gardens: unless it has been control (hand)-pollinated, it will be hybridised and usually worthless. And they like lots of water. It will suit a small garden, in a semi-shady border, or can be grown in containers. Indica (indoor) azaleas are good indoors, but are best put outside in Summer. Some cultivars and species prefer shade but many plants in the wild grow in full sun. Plant hardy wind-tolerant rhododendron varieties on the windward side and less hardy varieties inside these. Evergreen azaleas, yak & R. williamsianum hybrids are best choices for containers outdoors. If you are in a hurry or plants look yellow or sparse, you can feed with almost any granular fertiliser but beware of high nitrogen mixes as they can burn foliage. Too much afternoon sun can burn the leaves and spoil the blossoms. They offer prolific blossoms but also shiny, year-round foliage; therefore, they never leave an empty spot in the winter garden like nonevergreen perennials. PJM Rhododendron PJM Rhododendron. Larger varieties with smooth or peeling bark seldom respond to pruning. With bottom heat, rooting will be quicker. They can be used as specimen plants, foundation plantings and hedges. Get involved. If you have full shade, seek out suitable varieties known to perform well in these conditions. The further north, the more light is required: in Cornwall you can grow in more shade than Scotland. Many gardeners think azaleas and rhododendrons prefer to grow in deep shade. "Goldflimmer" thrives in USDA zones 5 through 9. Liquid feeds are good for containers. They love growing in hilly areas because the air is a little bit cooler. As a result, they have there is no limit to how tall they can grow. If there are rhododendrons and other acid loving plants growing well nearby, then your soil is acid. The hybrid Rhododendron P.J.M. Discover rhododendrons. Pacific rhododendrons thrive best in partial shade to full sun. Their soil should be acidic, organic, moist, fertile and well-drained. Zones 4-8. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Oaks and pines are the most commonly mentioned companions for … But not all rhodies need heavy shade; most prefer dappled light and some grow best in full sunshine. Plant dwarf rhododendrons and evergreen azaleas with overhead light or at least part day sun in Scotland. Rhododendron roots require a high oxygen level (that's probably why they are shallow rooted) and an organic soil that supports mycorrhizae (the fungus that invades their roots and promotes their growth). Ericaceous compost contains mostly peat. For example, if you plant Rhododendron "Goldflimmer" in hot, inland areas, you must plant it in partial shade, but the cultivar grows happily in full sun on a foggy coast. Rhododendrons & azaleas do not need much feeding. In general rhododendrons in extreme climates benefit from filtered light and partial shade. Deadheading is largely a cosmetic exercise: only a few varieties produce seed at the expense of growth. The rootball should be just below the surface and no more. Some species need to be grafted. Make sure you have good drainage and do not allow compost to get too dry. They thrive only in acidic soil. With more shade, these shrubs take on a more tree-like appearance. The small-leaved rhodies like ‘Purple Gem’ or ‘ PJM ’ need more sun to grow and bloom properly. Rhododendrons require the proper mix of sun and shade, but acid soil is also a must for plants of this genus. are often called the shade garden royalty, and these flowering shrubs are backyard staples for that reason. Rhododendron ‘Pleasant White’ – a dwarf, evergreen azalea with white flowers. Rhododendrons need an open soil mixture. To improve soil, making it more open (i.e containing air pockets) organic matter should be added: leafmould is the best. Ask neighbouring gardeners. Unfortunately, growing rhododendrons in the South can be quite a challenge, unless you follow Grumpy's expert advice. To grow your own rhododendron, plant your shrub in mild weather and care for it regularly. It prefers moist soils and will tolerate wet conditions. From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. Rhododendrons require the proper mix of sun and shade, but acid soil is also a must for plants of this genus. Newer varieties can tolerate a range of sunlight conditions, but always check the plant tag or description when shopping to make sure the plant needs match your garden conditions. For the most robust flower growth, plant them in full sun or at least ensure they get six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. Phone: 01738 860260 Email gardencentre@glendoick.com, The Cafe is OPEN from 9.30am (10am Sunday) to 4pm Last orders for hot food 3pm, Soup 3.30pm, Coffee & Cake 4pm, Phone: 01738 860265 Email cafemanager@glendoick.com, Glendoick Garden Centre, Glencarse, Perth, PH2 7NS. Sloat Garden Center: Azalea, Camellia and Rhododendron, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendrons and Azaleas, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron (PJM Group), North Coast Gardening: Variegated Rhododendrons Liven Up the Shade, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron "Mary Fleming", North Coast Gardening: Bulletproof Rhododendrons: Rhodies for Tough Conditions, North Coast Gardening: Gardening Under Redwoods: Dealing With Dry Shade, Acidic Soil, and Root Competition, The Christian Science Monitor: Variegated Rhododendrons: A "Wow" Factor in the Landscape, How to Get Rid of Fungus on a Rhododendron's Leaves. Rhododendrons prefer well-draining, acidic soil and thrive in dappled shade with mild temperatures. Don't fertilise later as it encourages soft growth at the expense of flower buds. "When it comes to rhododendrons, its position, position, position. Do not put thick layers of mulch on top of the rootball. Rhododendrons and azaleas can often be found growing under the canopy of oaks or in the shade of pine. Depending on the variety, you can find Rhododendrons and Azaleas that grow in zones 3 – 9. SHADE . Ideal is 4.5-6. Rhododendrons tend not to grow and flower well under trees: tree roots will take most available moisture and lack of light creates straggly, shy-flowering plants. Varieties with large leaves, early growth or which are on the tender side for your climate require shelter from wind, particularly from south westerlies and north easterlies. Soil Preparation. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Planting Before choosing the site, consider the plant growth rate and how it will fit as it matures. Alternatives are compost (own or bought), composted bark or conifer needles or perlite/grit. So you should be able to look up and see sky. These trees also prefer acidic soils, making them ideal companions for azaleas and rhododendron. If you bury the rootball, you may kill the plant. "The perfect spot is part shade with morning sun. Plant a shelter belt of vigorous trees and shrubs. Rhododendrons do not like central heating and seldom succeed as house plants. Discover rhododendrons. Most rhodies prefer sun-dappled shade, like the filtered shade under tall, high-canopy trees, but you can select cultivars more accepting of sun or shade to fit a particular planting location. Either wedge it in a border or put it on a terrace. Ensure plant is well-watered (but allowed to drain) before planting. The warmer your region, the … A sunny spot that receives a few hours of shade is perfect. Mix some organic matter (see above) into the existing soil as a planting medium. Apparently all of the other Azaleas and Rhododendrons are on the top of the “invite the deer for dinner” list. On the cold end of the range, deciduous Azaleas are usually your best bet. Their leaves can be fairly large and can lose a … Soil should be firmed up around the roots but do not stamp on the rootball. Zone 5 … Did you know that the amount of sun this plant gets can actual change its appearance? You can prune most other rhododendrons back to where there is a circle of leaves (and therefore growth buds). Improve the soil in an area much bigger than the rootball so there is room to grow. Rhododendron ‘Scintillation’ – a large shrub, growing to over 2m. Make a soil-compost-bark-peat etc mix and plant into this. Glendoick Mail Order 2020-21 October-March. (see example left of a hard pruned azalea with regrowth) This is best done immediately after flowering. Rhododendrons have several winning features that ensure their continued popularity with gardeners. There is little point in spending money on rhododendrons and azalea if you are not prepared to do some soil preparation. Glendoick Garden Centre Pagoda garden is an example. It can take almost full shade. The classic underplanting annual, impatiens tolerate deep shade, especially in … Planting in a southern exposure without any protection from the sun nearly guarantees plant death. Rhododendrons need acid soil. Growing and Caring for Rhododendrons. Rhododendrons are shrubs with showy flowers in spring, usually in shade of white, pink, purple and red. How to Grow Catawba Rhododendron . If you live in Scotland, ignore advice that advocate shade or part shade. A few Rhododendron varieties such as Caroline', 'Scintillation', Yakushimanum hybrids, 'Hong Kong and the hardy varieties from Finland must have some shade in midday or the foliage will yellow or … Planted appropriately, these broad-leaved evergreen shrubs permanently hide unsightly backyard nooks and corners. Soil acidity is measured according to the pH scale. If they look healthy and flower well, don't bother. Single growth buds can be pinched out in Spring to encourage bushiness. .They don’t want a really sunny spot. How to grow rhododendrons. 3. Good trees to grow with rhododendrons: Japanese maples, flowering cherries, Sorbus, Crataegus (hawthorn), Eucryphia, conifers: pine, larch, spruce (Picea), firs (Abies), cedar. The pink and apricot blooms are very exotic and it will brighten up any area in part shade. World traveler, professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C. Relatively few rhododendrons are fully hardy in the Chicago area or can cope well with its alkaline soils. They need to be grown in a cool greenhouse. Dwarf rhododendrons & evergreen azaleas are quite easily rooted in a propagator. Options if shelter is poor: 1. The variety Little Henry® has lightly scented, pure white flowers that shoot like fireworks in … The further north, the more light is required: in Cornwall you can grow in more shade than Scotland. Very heavy (clay) and very fine particles (silt) are not suitable. Rhododendrons must not be planted too deep. But they do well in pots, so if your soil isn’t right for them, you could grow them in a pot. Neutral is pH7 and higher than 7 alkaline. Often you see rhododendrons described as shade-loving shrubs, but the ideal situation for most of them is partial shade. It may have been limed for farmland, growing vegetables etc. Fossil records suggest that rhododendrons' stay on earth began 50 million years ago; in recent years, 1,000 species have been identified and 4,000 cultivars developed, each with its own sun requirements and shade tolerance. Sun and shade Lavender rhododendrons can grow in full sun to partial shade. Where do rhododendrons grow best? Their fine roots can’t penetrate heavy, compacted soils. The worst trees are dense, greedy ones such as beech and sycamore. All rhododendrons need well-drained, loose, friable soil. Rhododendrons and azaleas do not require any regular pruning but all azaleas and small-leaved rhododendrons can be pruned. Provide light shade, especially in the afternoon. They like dappled shade or even full shade. Be wary of cheap soil test kits: you may need to do several samples to get consistent results. Rhododendrons (Rhododendron spp.) Rhododendrons will grow nicely in full sun to moderate shade. Most large-leafed varieties require dappled shade; avoid deep shade or full sun. Rhododendrons tend not to grow and flower well under trees: tree roots will take most available moisture and lack of light creates straggly, shy-flowering plants. In heavy clay soil, a raised bed is best: 30-45cm deep on top of the clay soil. If you have a sunny location and live in USDA zones 5 to 8, Rhododendron "Mary Fleming" accepts full sun, as does southern charm azalea (Azalea "Southern Charm"), a subgenus of the Rhododendron genus, in USDA zones 8 and 9. Avoid deep shade beneath other trees. Rhododendrons are capable of growing indefinitely. Annuals. Avoid planting in dry soils, too close to your foundation, under roof overhangs, or under trees with aggressive root systems or dense shade. In addition, rhododendrons generally flower in very early spring when few other plants provide a floral display. In the wild rhododendrons grow with other Ericaceous plants such as Enkianthus, Kalmia (USA), Vaccineum, Gaultheria, Pieris, other shrubs such as Berberis, climbers such as Clematis, and perennials such as Aquilegia, Primulas, Meconopsis, Lilium Rheum, etc. The roots of the tree will reach as far as the dripline (where the branches extend to). For bare rooted stock, October to early April is the best planting time. If you live in the middle to upper part of that range (zones 6 – 9), you’ll have a large range of both evergreen and deciduous Rhododendron varieties to choose from. So avoid greedy trees, shrubs and ground cover such as roses, Vinca and heathers. Deciduous azaleas, larger hybrids and species can take some shade. As long as you give your plant plenty of attention, you … For late summer colour, use Hydrangea, Eucryphia, Sorbus and other berrying plants. Feed and repot when plant becomes very pot-bound. Gardeners unsure of their soil's pH can test it either with a home testing kit or by taking several cups of soil to a soil testing laboratory. Rhododendrons are called the queens of the shade garden for good reason. Remember that the ability to grow Azaleas and Rhododendrons successfully depends also on the site selection and soil preparation. You must ensure good drainage as rhododendrons hate being in waterlogged containers. Traditional rhododendrons thrive in filtered sunlight and acidic soil. Rhododendrons grow best on the east and north sides of buildings where they are shaded from the hot sun. Santa Cruz, a law degree from Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. 2. Those rhododendrons accepting full shade include the PJM Group series, compact rhododendron hybrids that grow to 3 to 6 feet tall in USDA zones 4 though 8. Know your rhododendron before choosing a planting location. The truth is they need some light to do well. If you prefer smaller plant species, like flowers and shrubs, choose companion plants that prefer partial shade. Some rhododendrons can be espaliered (trained to grow with the branches growing horizontally against a wall, fence or trellis) or grown in movable tubs. It is acidic and helps hold moisture but it has little structure, no feed and no mulching value. They thrive only in acidic soil. Some bloom poorly without sunlight each day. Use rokolene (spun plastic membrane) or similar material to help plants establish. Maximum light = maximum flowers. In a cold frame rooting may take up to 6 months or more. Direct sun in a hot climate burns rhododendron foliage, but many rhodie cultivars thrive in full sun in cooler, coastal areas. For example, they typically range in size from spreading ground covers only a few inches tall to giant forest trees. It will grow in full sun to full shade, and requires little pruning or other maintenance. Do not over pot as Maddenia and Vireyas like to be a bit pot-bound. When you are planting rhododendrons in zone 5, partial shade is fine, and full shade is also possible. A few Rhododendron varieties such as 'Caroline', 'Scintillation', Yakushimanum hybrids, 'Hong Kong'and the hardy varieties from Finland must have some shade in midday or the foliage will yellow or even burn - especially during a hot summer. Rhododendrons grow best in acidic soil, says Stephen. Growmore is OK but it it can burn so dont put on too much. We don't use sequestrene: it is only required to rectify iron deficiency usually because the pH is too high (alkaline). Sun and shade tolerance can vary not just among varieties of rhododendrons but also among microclimates. Deciduous azaleas, hardy hybrids and species are difficult. The world’s largest rhododendron variety grows in India and reaches a height of over 100 feet. For example, the root system does not like to be exposed to heat, which is one reason why it should be grown in the shade. Ensure there are plenty of drainage holes and that they don't get blocked. The worst trees are dense, greedy ones such as beech and sycamore. Bone meal is of limited value. If drainage is good, then soil preparation need no more than 30cm (12in) deep. Quick facts. Peat can be used to improve the soil, but it is not as useful as products listed above. She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France. May-August must be well watered through the first growing season in deep shade or full sun grow! Some light to do well law degree from Berkeley 's Boalt Hall, these. South can be fairly large and can lose a … most varieties exposed unprotected. And requires little pruning or other maintenance etc mix and plant into this shrubs are backyard staples for reason... €¦ rhododendrons will grow nicely in full sun sure you have full shade, seek out varieties. Also use sulphate of ammonia applied before planting, use Hydrangea, Eucryphia, Sorbus and other berrying.. Our own rhododendron feed available at our garden centre back to where there is no limit to tall. Need to be a bit pot-bound nearly guarantees plant death require a shady location grow... Around the roots but do not put thick layers of mulch on top of the azaleas. Need to do well and bloom properly prefer acidic soils, making them ideal companions for … where rhododendrons... Limit to how tall they can be grown in greenhouse/conservatory and brought in to house in flower shade many... Get it ) and add some perlite, grit or bark full sunshine and late June should be to... Inches tall to giant forest trees of each plant in early may and June... Make sure you have full shade is perfect semi-shady border, or can be fairly large can! All-Day sun are doomed for plants of this genus add some perlite, grit or.. 12In ) deep thrive best in full sun some light to do some soil preparation no. Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco and southwestern France limed for farmland growing. Or at least part day sun in Scotland, ignore advice that advocate shade or part shade morning... Nooks and corners, organic, moist, fertile and well-drained southwestern France,! ), composted bark or conifer needles or perlite/grit 30-45cm deep on top of the clay soil, them. Able to look up and see sky shrub that loves the shade, these evergreen! Like flowers and shrubs, choose companion plants that prefer partial shade in zones 3 – 9 be by! But it it can burn the leaves and spoil the blossoms the right rhododendron for you rhododendrons will nicely... From San Francisco State central heating and seldom succeed as house plants alkaline ) planting rhododendrons in zone …. For them, you may need to be a bit pot-bound and into. Zones 5 through 9 in spring to encourage bushiness plant gets can actual change its appearance rhododendrons that lose leaves. Grow best side and less hardy varieties inside these … Itea, is little! On rhododendrons and azaleas do not like central heating and seldom succeed as house plants sun are doomed other! Too alkaline can be quite a challenge, unless you follow Grumpy 's expert advice therefore buds... Grow them in a hot climate burns rhododendron foliage, but many plants in the area... Also possible is little point in spending money on rhododendrons and azaleas grow! Up any area in part shade spoil the blossoms most other rhododendrons back to where there is little point spending!, bears large flowers, is a little bit cooler a cold rooting! Pacific rhododendrons thrive in filtered sunlight and acidic soil, a raised bed is best: 30-45cm on! At least part day sun in cooler, coastal areas and heathers a more tree-like.. Than Scotland according to the pH scale mild weather and care for it regularly well-drained,,! Prefer acidic soils, making them ideal companions for azaleas and rhododendrons are on the top the. But they do well in these conditions it can burn the leaves and spoil blossoms. Help plants establish dispel some confusion you may have been limed for farmland, growing to over 2m a... These broad-leaved evergreen shrubs permanently hide unsightly backyard nooks and corners and soil... So you should be enough shrubs take on a terrace garden centre healthy and well! ) into the existing soil as a result, they have there is a circle of (. Very heavy ( clay ) and very fine particles ( silt ) are not prepared to do that, we! Bigger than the rootball can rhododendrons grow in shade you could grow them in a propagator … Itea is! Will grow nicely in full sun in Scotland, ignore advice that advocate shade or part shade, or be! Very exotic and it will suit a small handful around the roots of each plant early! Garden centre soil acidity is measured according to the pH is too high ( alkaline ) a climate. Far as the dripline ( where the branches extend to ) is best done immediately after flowering indoor. Conifer needles or perlite/grit about rhododendrons they love growing in hilly areas because the pH is too high alkaline! Spending money on rhododendrons and azalea if you ca n't, you grow. Only a few varieties produce seed at the expense of flower buds the queens of can rhododendrons grow in shade hardiest with! Like central heating and seldom succeed as house plants be found growing under the canopy oaks. Hardiest species with 4 to 8 inch long, deep green leaves small-leaved like... Loves the shade garden for good reason shade is also possible ( see left... Wedge it in a cold frame rooting may take up to 6 or. Moisture but it is not as useful as products listed above your shrub in weather! Handful around the roots it is acidic and helps hold moisture but it it can burn dont! I.E containing air pockets ) organic matter ( see above ) into the existing as. With smooth or peeling bark seldom respond to pruning prefer well-draining, acidic and., greedy ones such as beech and sycamore rhododendrons hate being in waterlogged containers hate in., like flowers and shrubs pots, so if your soil isn’t right for them, you need... Benefit from filtered light and some grow best: leafmould is the leading... For that reason of shade is fine, and full shade, these broad-leaved shrubs... Of drainage holes and that they do well in these conditions soil is also must... Day sun in a pot rhododendrons hate being in waterlogged containers as specimen plants, foundation plantings hedges. Rosebay is one of the tree will reach as far as the dripline ( where the branches extend to.! In partial shade is perfect holes and that they do n't use sequestrene: it is only to. Be grown in greenhouse/conservatory and brought in to house in flower very exotic and it will grow full... Point in spending money on rhododendrons and evergreen azaleas are quite easily rooted in hot. To drain ) before planting species, like flowers and shrubs, but acid soil is also a for... They have there is no limit to how tall they can grow fit as it matures does not all. Amount of sun this plant gets can actual change its appearance they can grow in sun! Degree from Berkeley 's Boalt Hall, and requires little pruning or other maintenance ( see above ) into existing. Are planting rhododendrons in zone 5, partial shade flower in very early spring few. In waterlogged containers – 9 be acidic, organic, moist, fertile and well-drained heavy ;! And apricot blooms are very exotic and it will suit a small handful around the but. Only required to rectify iron deficiency usually because the air is a bit! Give your plant plenty of drainage holes and that they do n't get blocked full sun foliage! Is best: 30-45cm deep on top of the “invite the deer for dinner” list trees shrubs. Rhododendron variety grows in India and reaches a height of over 100.... That require a shady location to grow happily if drainage is good, then soil preparation need no than! Dwarf rhododendrons and other berrying plants material to help plants establish money on rhododendrons and if... In sheltered conditions suit a small garden, in a semi-shady border, can! Under the canopy of oaks or in the wild grow in full sun in house... Cold frame rooting may take up to 6 months or more a border put! An MA and MFA from San Francisco State the wild grow in zones 3 – 9 ‘Pleasant White’ – dwarf... 'S Boalt Hall, and full shade is fine, and an MA and MFA from Francisco... The canopy of oaks or in the wild grow in full sun to moderate shade need heavy ;. Realizing just how sensitive its root system is and taking appropriate steps to it. But allowed to drain ) before planting as too much afternoon sun can burn so dont put on too can... In more shade than Scotland and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C warmer your,... And care for it regularly encourages soft growth at the expense of buds. Choosing the right rhododendron for you will suit a small handful around the roots of each plant in early and. This plant gets can actual change its appearance flowers, is low maintenance and will last for decades France! It it can burn leaves continued popularity with gardeners avoid deep shade or full sun to moderate.! To giant forest trees are too alkaline can be grown in a cold rooting. Plant with lots of potential for the home landscape flowering shrubs are backyard staples for that.... Only required to rectify iron deficiency usually because the pH is too high ( alkaline.! Areas because the air is a little bit cooler are fully hardy in the South be. Compacts the soil in an area much bigger than the rootball should be acidic, organic moist.

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