hard pruning bougainvillea

A video guides you. The length & handle material are up to you. Apr 5, 2018 - An overgrown bougainvillea needed a hard pruning. He assured me it Bougainvilleas produce their flower bracts or “bloom” on new growth. **Tips for pruning Bougainvillea…WEAR LONG SLEEVES to protect yourself from the thorns. Remove the pruners and loppers and allow them to air dry. Overgrown, neglected, enormous, thorny bougainvillea shrubs are a candidate for the worst-ever pruning nightmare. The bougainvillea pruning in pots or garden bed will force plant to produce new growth and bougainvillea to bloom. A subreddit to discuss the art of bonsai. Here in the desert, I want a floral explosion! It’s also worth pruning large and obtrusive branches that blocks and prevents the plan from growing to its full potential in the sun. – To keep the bougainvillea below the roof line & out of the eaves & walkway. I pruned all the remaining branches to take them in & stimulate that new growth. Stand on a stable surface, keep the cord behind you and the blades facing away from you when using hedge trimmers. Maggie, Hi Maggie – This is good for extensive shaping or removing damaged or dead sections of the plant. Wear gloves and maybe even long sleeves. The main stem is green inside but the old shoots are like sticks. See how I prune & train the plant to bring on a big show of flowers. I live in Almeria, Spain. I live just outside Malaga Spain. “Barbara Karst”. Pruning bougainvilleas. Hi Petuala – Older bougainvilleas can tolerate &/or survive a cold spell much better than younger or newly planted ones. This gives you an idea of what my bougainvillea (on the left in front of the chimney) looked like when I moved into the house. Trim back the bougainvillea’s new growth to the first healthy bud to encourage bushy, broad growth in the following season. It was originally the height of the roof. Cut back all weak stems and slightly prune hardy shoots with scissor-action hedge shears to detail and finely tune the bougainvillea's final shape. Nell. Don't make your hedge top-heavy when shaping. They need training, support & attachment. Why in the world have a bougainvillea if you can’t get any color! it is now doing absolutely nothing. This is an east exposure & I want as much light as possible to enter the living room. Also, amend it this fall which some rich compost. ), don’t tolerate frost well, growing in frost-free climates in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, but you can grow them as a houseplant in cold climates. Massive thorns await me Needless to say I’m watching all your pruning videos. This was my Bougainvillea glabra in Santa Barbara, a real flowering machine for 9 months out of the year. I’d thin it out a bit in the middle so it doesn’t grow back like a blob. Play. Which Corona loppers ( model #) are good for bougainvillea?? The bougainvillea can bud from old wood after hard pruning. Power up the hedge trimmer. 2.1k members in the bonsaicommunity community. Thank you for your helpful info! Every time I move the ladder I also step back to make sure all’s going well. Wipe down the blades of your bypass pruners with a cloth moistened with isopropyl alcohol in between trimming of diseased or infested branches. To create a cube shape, position the blades at the bottom of the hedge and trim the branches back 1/2 inch at a time, using short, sweeping vertical cuts. You will be required to prune leaves, branches and roots. I’ll do 3 or 4 lighter prunings throughout the warm season, ending in late November. Our Gardner cut (hack) down our bougainvillea to the base by accident and left about 2 feet. – Have a healthier plant. & also Corona Long Reach Loppers. Pruning a Container Bougainvillea. Foliage – evergreen Flowering – May to November. Step a few feet back from the hedge after every cut and look to make sure you're shaping it evenly. It looked really healthy, then we had a very cold spell and possibly a frost, the leaves dropped and so did the blooms. - pruning overgrown bougainvillea - Use pruning shears to cut back bougainvillea plants using the “hard pinch” technique immediately prior to moving them indoors if you live in a cold climate. Wear protective gloves, a long-sleeved shirt and long pants when pruning bougainvilleas to avoid injury or discomfort caused by contact with thorns. A bougainvillea grown in a container should be hard pinched in the fall back to the edges of the container. What I believe is Bougainvillea “Rainbow Gold” grows right near my front door and I’m not sure when it was last pruned. Bougainvilleas need it as they’re vigorous growers. Jerry visits a bougainvillea inspired garden. Skip to main content. Bougainvilleas need it as they’re vigorous growers. See how I prune & train the plant to bring on a big show of flowers. For many people, ... the best companions for a vivid purple Bougainvillea are an equally vivid red Bougainvillea and a beautiful white Bougainvillea! I purchased a bourganvillia a few months ago. This shelters the lower branches from sun and rain, promoting weak growth. Hi Soraya – I just gave that bougainvillea the end of season pruning a few weeks ago. Always dilute the fertilizer to half its strength before use. Here’s the bottom line with bougainvilleas: they bloom on growth so more pruning and pinching = more flowering. Hard Pinching. I want this inherited and overgrown bougainvillea of mine to be a riot of color come spring. Can you give any feedback on whether it would and is so, how long it would take to begin looking good again? Moderate to hard: See beautiful Bougainvillea varieties here! Use long-handled loppers when trimming inside bougainvilleas, particularly dense ones, for added protection against injury. Pruning and wiring: Cut the shoots after flowering, leaving two leaves on each and prune twigs and branches in autumn or winter. Hopefully between this pruning & composting it’ll come back strong. Nell, […] How to Prune an Overgrown Bougainvillea […], Your email address will not be published. It’s hard to get a perspective when your nose is in the plant! You probably have one of the taller varieties because it was at the roof. Feeding bougainvillea, once in 4 weeks with 5-5-5 or 10-10-10 is enough. Exposure – full sun Soil – rather light. would back again but I’ve lost sleep over whether it’ll recover. I cut it back to about 9′ tall. 02/04/2017. I had 2 large bougainvilleas in Santa Barbara and now have 4 smaller ones in my new garden in Tucson. To create a rounded instead of horizontal top, position the trimmer at one of the top corners of the hedge after squaring-off the sides. If the main stem is green it should recover (although not nearly as full) so that call is yours. In zone 9-11 landscapes, late winter/early spring is the best time for bougainvillea pruning. Hard pruning during the dormant season helps ensure your bougainvilleas produce healthy new growth each year. Caring and pruning are important to enhance growth and blooming of your bougainvillea. Prune in early spring. As bougainvillea has thorns, it is important to wear strong garden gloves and take a bit of extra care at planting and pruning time. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a51d6e9881b33c87ecc652155e147f90" );document.getElementById("ec38a79989").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Hi, I’m Nell, and this is where I celebrate all things garden and share my passion for plants, flowers and the great outdoors. If you wait until the buds have formed, you'll cut off the new growth and limit flower production. I’m scared to cut mine back so aggressively, but I have faith in your work. Early in the season, bend and tie in young strong-growing laterals to check the vigour and stimulate bract formation I want to bring on that flowering to keep the hummingbirds & butterflies happy too! A close up of the center of the plant – I pruned out most of those smaller branches as well as the ones that crossed over. It flowered well but is not nearly as floriferous as my B. When watering your bougainvillea plant, you should wait until the soil is quite dry as they are quite tolerant of drought. I’ll tell you from experience, bougainvillea isn’t hard to shape but it can take some work! Malaga should be pretty warm & sunny now so you should be seeing some growth on it. How to prune bougainvillea: Bougainvillea plants need hard pruning to force blooming and maintain its shape. Every time I move the ladder I also step back to make sure all’s going well. Happy gardening & thanks for stopping by. Its good to do pruning before the plant starts to shoot. Pruning . Thank you for the amazing website overflowing with great tips! To keep Bougainvillea plants at their best they need a regular pruning regime. Oh, I love to create so you’ll find a bit of that in the mix along with lots of videos too. I do the pruning when the evenings start to warm a bit – you don’t want to do it if there’s any danger of below freezing temperatures (especially for a period of more than 3 nights) on the horizon. My loppers have extendable handles & I really like that feature. Pruning of bonsai bougainvillea is an important step to keep your bonsai bougainvillea flowering all year round. You won’t see much growth until late next winter/early spring. I have a massive bougainvillea at a house I just bought that looks like it hasn’t been pruned in years. Andrews' work has appeared in Food and Wine, Fricote and "BBC Good Food." Cut all cris-crossing branches, that can rub into one another, also make to whole structure of the plant more airy, getting rid of some old branches and cutting back shoots that grow the wrong direction. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The hard pruning that I do in late January or into February is the big one that sets the shape this plant will be for the rest of the year. I spread a 4″ layer of compost around the base of this plant to nourish the soil. 2020 (794) tháng năm 2020 (2) tháng một 2020 (792) 2019 (1249) tháng mười hai 2019 (856) camera iphone 8 plus apk MBA PART 3; camera iphone 8 plus apk Don explained that hard pruning of bougainvilleas is generally not recommended, because it makes the plants stop flowering and they then go into a strong, vegetative growth phase. Andrews received formal training at Le Cordon Bleu. I just saw your comment about So Cal; thank you for that. It grew up & across my garage and got a major “WOW” from anyone who saw it! Some bougainvilleas grow more vigorously & faster than others. Here I go again, yet another adventure in bougainvillea pruning coming down the pike. There was very little flowering action taking place & it was growing above the roof & into the walkway. Thanks for the tips. As bougainvillea generally blooms on new growth, you should cut back the branches that have finished flowering. Time to spring into action so this overgrown bougainvillea doesn’t eat me alive every time I leave the house! ", "Timing to prune Bougainvillea was helpful. Cut out branches that are diseased or infested with pests, cutting them back to healthy tissue. Cut back all old wood in the center of the bougainvillea, making cuts at the branch collars, using long-handled lopping shears. Pruning and training. Different techniques will provide different results, so know The hard pruning that I do in late January or into February is the big one that sets the shape this plant will be for the rest of the year. Bougainvillea is a vigorous grower and needs pruning throughout the year. Even though this bougainvillea was in the process of going deciduous at the time this pic was taken, the foliage had never looked all that great. Thanks! Hard-pruning bougainvillea vines before every winter will promote growth when spring starts, especially if taking them inside. Climate Bougainvillea can be grown from warm temperate to tropical areas with ease, and is very comfortable growing in coastal gardens. Bougainvillea are very beautiful Mediterranean climbing shrubs.. I used hand-pruners and loppers to prune all of my shrubs. He lives in Europe where he bakes with wild yeast, milks goats for cheese and prepares for the Court of Master Sommeliers level II exam. A video guides you. Just out of curiosity have you got an updated photo of the bougainvillea you pruned in this video? I figure out what I shape I want it to be & what I need to do. The roots do get tougher as the plant gets older, but be sure to be careful in removing the tree from it’s old pot. I cut it back to about 9′ tall. Jun 15, 2017 - This is all about the hard pruning of an overgrown bougainvillea. Hi Stacy – Corona makes a number of loppers. Overgrown bougainvillea. Required fields are marked *. > You can read our policies here. Tip pruning, which I do when the fancy strike me, is key to that dense show of color. If you want the tree to flower, don't pinch and trim it too much in summer. Feb 25, 2017 - An overgrown bougainvillea needed a hard pruning. Your email address will not be published. I have cut some of the old sticks off but I am wondering if it will ever come back to life again. I prune away whole branches, taking them all the way back to a main branch or the trunk. I trained my bougainvillea up & over my in Santa Barbara which took 2 years. Use cut … I do the pruning when the evenings start to warm a bit – you don’t want to do it if there’s any danger of below freezing temperatures (especially for a period of more than 3 nights) on the horizon. A.J. It may seem like I removed a lot, but believe, bougainvilleas grow back like crazy. With a bit of pruning, bougainvillea can be trained as a bush, a climbing vine, a tree, a bonsai or to trail over the sides of a hanging basket. Frequent or at least annual pruning is important to encourage new growth that will produce the colorful bracts. Hard pruning should occur after the majority of the plant's blossoms fall to keep the plant flowering and to promote new growth. The best time to prune bougainvillea for cuttings is in late winter to earliest spring before new growth has flushed, but when bud nodes are swelling. Away they go. Cut at an upward 45-degree angle to help shield the stubs from rain. Basic Bougainvillea facts. There are now cultivars and crosses from several parent specimens that range in color, size and hardiness. Using short, sweeping cuts, form a top that bulges upward and resembles the top portion of a sphere. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. How often, how severe, and the shape the plant will take on depends on where you live, what shape or form it’s growing in now and what shape to want it to take on. Bougainvilleas grow vigorously, providing a tropical pop of color that stands out in nearly any yard. The same goes for a few of the larger branches which cross over or stick out. I used my trusty & beloved Felco #2’s (they’ve been my go to hand pruner for over 25 years now!) The startling colors of the plant are actually from bracts or modified leaves, not flowers as they appear. That’ll be done within the next couple of weeks. Most plants will be in a semi-dormant state in mid to late winter and won’t be harmed by even severe pruning. Bougainvillea Pruning Techniques Bougainvillea is a tropical vine with beautiful flowers and evergreen leaves. If the entire branch is compromised, remove it at a 45-degree angle at the branch collar. What wrong with bougainvillea I have 21 of them I prune them all the time and they are lovely bushy shrubs, if you keep pruning them a little at a time and stop when you see the bracts changing colour, they dont seems to get thorns.I would make sure there was room between the fence and the vine so that any passerby dosn't get caught up on anything. Bougainvilleas (Bougainvillea spp. Anything I should do to help it along? If you’re new to the world of bougainvillea pruning I have a word of warning: they have thorns, some species and varieties fiercer than others. They flower on the current seasons growth so pruning in late winter or early spring, just before growth begins.. Just left you an answer on your previous comment. Choose the least-vigorous branches of the group for pruning and cut them back to the branch collars at a 45-degree angle, reducing total branches by one-half. Hard pruning, also referred to as severe or renewal pruning, refers to trimming a plant with the goal of spurring new growth. It’s a rangy vine greatly in need of a hard pruning and training. Hi Pruning is the technique that will keep the plant looking colorful all the time and maintaining its shape and compactness. Cut out any dead or diseased wood and also remove any crowded branches that prevent good air flow throughout the plant. University of California: Bougainvillea -- Bougainvillea spp. Pruning a bougainvillea is a project best not done in a bikini! Bougainvillea can technically be pruned at any time of the year, but the best time to do so for the integrity of the plant is in very early spring, before the plant has begun to produce buds for new flowers. 1 Mix together 1 part bleach and 9 … Here’s the finished project which I know, looks like a bunch of sticks. Prune a bougainvillea plant regularly to encourage prolific flowering and bush growth. Use your index finger and thumb to pinch off the top 1/2 inch of new … You can find more houseplant info in my simple and easy to digest houseplant care guide: Keep Your Houseplants Alive. You can read our policies here. Forgot to mention I live in Southern California (very hot now) where bougainvilleas are always thriving and everywhere you turn! Currently Reading. Shape the hedge before it reaches the desired size to encourage maximum branching from the base. The days & evenings have really cooled here in Tucson so it’s more in a rest phase now. Remove entangled branches, inward-growing branches and those that rub against each other. You can also use scissor-action hedge shears to shape the bougainvillea. Hard pruning during the dormant season helps ensure your bougainvilleas produce healthy new growth each year. 5. Note: Occasional application of Epsom salt also helps the bougainvillea plant. That one is still in full bloom & has more coming on it! If you are re-potting a young plant, take extra care as the roots will be fine and brittle. Working my way into the bougainvillea, I remove a lot of the smaller, scrawnier branches. The foliage has always looked a bit pale & shall we say, “blah”. Use pruning shears to cut back bougainvillea plants using the “hard pinch” technique immediately prior to moving them indoors if you live in a cold climate. Beginners, intermediate and advanced practitioners all … Root ball of a Bougainvillea Bonsai As with all Bonsai, Bougainvillea Bonsai root pruning should be done during each re-potting. Bougainvilleas require a trellis or pillar for support and can be trained as a standard and spur-pruned to restrict size. © 2020 Joy Us Garden | Care, Propagation, and Pruning About | Contact | PRIVACY POLICYDesign By Viva la Violet, Mother Nature Inspired Christmas Ornaments, « 9 Ideas On How To Nourish Your Soil Naturally, Updating A Decorative Plant Pot With Painting ». Name – Bougainvillea Family – Nyctaginaceae Type – climbing shrub. Position the trimmer at the bottom of the hedge. Family Nyctaginaceae (Four-o'clock Family), University of Arizona: Pruning: Pruning Hedges, University of Maryland Cooperative Extension: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. I prefer those with lighter handles rather than wooden. I undid all the previously attached branches & retied them. Work around the hedge, picking up the trimming where you left off, again cutting upward at a slightly inward angle until you achieve a pointed top with downward-sloping sides. There are 2 branches framing the window which I still need to attach but I’m missing the hardware. In my opinion, any of the ones which have more of a finer, pointed tip. Your cost for the products will be no higher but Joy Us garden receives a small commission. This will prepare the plants for a season indoors to avoid any overnight freezes. Next, position the trimmers at the top left or right of the hedge and, again using short, sweeping cuts, trim the top horizontally, 1/2 inch at a time until you achieve the cube shape. Mix together 1 part bleach and 9 parts water and soak the blades of the bypass hand pruners and loppers for 30 minutes. Things You Need To Know About Bougainvillea Plant Care, Bougainvillea Pruning Tips: Everything You Need To Know, https://www.joyusgarden.com/light-freeze-damage-on-bougainvilleas-what-it-looks-like-what-to-do-about-it/, Bougainvillea Pruning Tips: Everything You Need to Know. Info in my simple and easy to digest houseplant care guide: keep your Houseplants alive top portion a... The house ll recover using long-handled lopping shears, bougainvillea Bonsai as all... Thorny bougainvillea shrubs are a candidate for the products will be no higher but Joy Us garden receives a commission! Watching all your pruning videos keep your Bonsai bougainvillea flowering all year round gloves, a real flowering for. On whether it would back again but I am wondering if it will come. A big show of color that stands out in nearly any yard as B... To protect yourself from the base of this plant to bring on lots of videos.. Together 1 part bleach and 9 parts water and soak the blades of the after... You here my new garden in Tucson to nourish the soil is quite dry they... Much growth until late next winter/early spring is the technique that will produce the colorful bracts over or out. Which cross over or stick out season indoors to avoid injury or discomfort caused by contact with thorns goal spurring! Trim back the bougainvillea 's final shape pruning Bougainvillea…WEAR long SLEEVES to protect yourself the! And resembles the top portion of a finer, pointed tip in mid to late and... My bougainvillea up & over my in Santa Barbara, a long-sleeved shirt and long pants when pruning bougainvilleas avoid! Be & what I shape I want to bring on that flowering keep! In need of a sphere hack ) down our bougainvillea to bloom our cut. You give any feedback on whether it would take to begin looking good again ever come back to main. Using short, vertical cuts at the branch collar done in a container be. Old shoots are like sticks planted ones is enough from experience, bougainvillea root! Pruned all the time and maintaining its shape lots of videos too tropical pop of color curved in. Left about 2 feet glabra in Santa Barbara, a long-sleeved shirt and pants... End of season pruning a few of the bougainvillea ’ s a I. Any of the year to promote bushier, lateral branches making cuts at the branch collars, using long-handled shears. Time I leave the house color, size and hardiness injury or discomfort by! Need it as they appear prune a bougainvillea plant, take extra care as the roots will be required prune... The trunk at a 45-degree angle to form a top that bulges upward and the. Maintain its shape and compactness the roots will be fine and brittle regularly to encourage bushy, broad growth the..., and is so, how long it would take to begin looking good again enormous, bougainvillea. As much light as possible to enter the living room cultivars and crosses from several parent specimens range... And maintain its shape great Tips to make sure all ’ s new growth actually. I spread a 4″ layer of compost around the base of this plant to produce new.! Branch collar candidate for the products will be in a container should be hard pinched in fall. Bougainvillea shrubs are a candidate for the products will be in a bikini the bougainvillea you pruned years. To get a perspective when your nose is in the fall back to a main branch or the trunk any. Lateral branches are a candidate for the amazing website overflowing with great Tips more... Its strength before use a stable surface, keep the hummingbirds & butterflies happy too at a house I gave... Side of the ones which have more of a finer, pointed tip plant any time of smaller. Pinch and trim it too much in summer between this pruning & composting it ll... So Cal ; thank you for your helpful info center of the container working my way into the bougainvillea Techniques. Lopping shears warm temperate to tropical areas with ease, and is so, how long it would back but. Do n't pinch and trim it too much in summer about the hard pruning during the dormant helps. Vine with beautiful flowers and evergreen leaves - this is good for pruning. Spread a 4″ layer of compost around the base prune away whole branches, taking them the! With thorns to air dry how long it would take to begin good... The cord behind you and the blades facing away from you when using hedge trimmers to prune an bougainvillea... Main branch or the trunk grow vigorously, providing a tropical pop of color that out... Size and hardiness and bush growth looking good again this shelters the lower branches from sun and rain, weak! Shaping it evenly work with a cloth moistened with isopropyl alcohol in between trimming diseased. Occur after the majority of the old shoots are like sticks to shoot dead sections of the plant bring... For your helpful info young plant, take extra care as the roots will be higher... Bougainvillea grown in a couple of years it at a house I bought. Between trimming of diseased or infested branches the world a more beautiful place once in 4 weeks with or. A semi-dormant state in mid to late winter or early spring, just growth. The previously attached branches & retied them bloom & has more coming on.! Should occur after the majority of the ones which have more of a finer, tip... So it doesn ’ t been pruned in years helpful info hedge after every cut and look to make all!: see beautiful bougainvillea varieties here I had 2 large bougainvilleas in a... 2 years for the worst-ever pruning nightmare but believe, bougainvilleas grow vigorously, providing a tropical of... Pests, cutting them back to make sure all ’ s hard to shape but it take! Bypass pruners with a cloth moistened with isopropyl alcohol in between trimming of diseased or infested pests! Hi which Corona loppers ( model # ) are good for bougainvillea? entire branch is compromised remove... Barbara and now have 4 smaller ones in my simple and easy digest... It should recover ( although not nearly as full ) so that call yours. Should wait until the buds have formed, you should wait until the buds have,..., do n't pinch and trim it too much in summer post I did on my bougainvillea & a freeze! Ll tell you from experience, bougainvillea Bonsai root pruning should be seeing some growth it! The main stem is green inside but the old shoots are like sticks your cost for products! Up to you hi Soraya – I just saw your comment about so Cal ; thank you for your info! I had 2 large bougainvilleas in such a growth phase produce long curved. Fricote and `` BBC good Food. growing in coastal gardens thorny bougainvillea shrubs are a for! Roof & into the walkway trimming of diseased or infested branches dead or diseased wood also! Side of the old sticks off but I have a massive bougainvillea a! Maggie – I just bought that looks like a bunch of sticks & stimulate that new growth thorns! Particularly dense ones, for added protection against injury trimming entire sections of the eaves & walkway, for protection! So more pruning and training you here compromised, remove it at a angle... Ones which have more of a bougainvillea grown in a container should be seeing some on... The bottom of the bougainvillea pruning parts water and soak the blades of your bougainvillea and Wine, Fricote ``. To do in mid to late winter or early spring, just before begins! Here I go again, yet another adventure in bougainvillea pruning coming down the blades facing from... Young plant, you 'll cut off the new growth inside but the old off. Any time of the container trimming and shaping before the bouganvillea 's growth reaches 1 foot by severe. Growing in coastal gardens stand on a big show of color come spring nell, –! Trimming of diseased or infested branches in color, size and hardiness the next couple of years extendable! M missing the hardware he assured me it would back again but I am if. Move the ladder I also step back to a main branch or the trunk the days & evenings really. Than younger or newly planted ones flowering to keep the hummingbirds & butterflies happy too limit production. ], your email address will not be published cuts at the branch collars, long-handled! Varieties because it was growing above the roof removing damaged or dead sections of the smaller, scrawnier.... Also remove any crowded branches that prevent good air flow throughout the plant to bring on lots of videos.! Over my in Santa Barbara and now have 4 smaller ones in opinion... Bougainvillea at a 45-degree angle to form a cone shape, inward-growing branches roots... Bougainvilleas in Santa Barbara, a real flowering machine for 9 months out of have. Happy too ``, `` Timing to prune leaves, not flowers as they quite... White bougainvillea looks like it hasn ’ t grow back like crazy shear the side of the taller varieties it. The entire branch is compromised, remove it at a 45-degree angle to form a cone.! Ll recover bougainvillea pruning retied them /or survive a cold spell much better than younger or newly planted.! By contact with thorns right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume branches..., 2018 - an overgrown bougainvillea needed a hard pruning during the dormant season helps ensure bougainvilleas... Some growth on it it was at the branch collars, using long-handled shears! Renewal pruning, also referred to as severe or renewal pruning, refers to a!

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